Journal Publication


Sanghyun Park, Namhyeok Kim, Youngsik Kim, Moon Son, Kyunghwa Cho

Journal of Cleaner Production, 233 (2022) 130188 (Website link)

img As it is typically disposed of to the ocean, naturally produced brine water has been an avoidable issue in seawater desalination technology, particularly in the reverse osmosis (RO) process. To address this issue, a seawater battery-desalination (SWB-D) system was used to reduce the concentration of RO brine while also storing electrical energy by harvesting sodium ions from the brine. The SWB equipped with an anion exchange membrane (AEM) can lower the RO brine concentration to seawater levels, but the use of AEM for brine treatment is costly and the slow kinetics of salt transport require long operation times. In this study, we present a proof of concept for using RO membrane as an alternative to AEM in the SWB desalination system. Owing to its low cost and unexpected support for salt removal via diffusion across the RO membrane, using RO membrane is a viable application. The effect of diffusion enables SWB-D with RO membrane to reduce the charging time by 36.8% (up to ∼40.5% salt removal) compared with SWB-D with AEM. In addition, ∼52.5 kWh m−3 of energy (assuming 80% energy recovery) was saved while lowering the concentration of brine to seawater levels (from 1.2 to ∼0.6 M).

Jong Hun Ryu, Jaehyun Park, Jeongwoo Park, Jinhong Mun, Eunmi Im, Hojeong Lee, Sung You Hong, Kwangjin An, Geunsik Lee, Youngsik Kim, Pil Sung Ho, Seok Ju Kang

Energy Storage Materials, 45 (2022) 281-290 (Website link)

img Seawater batteries consisting of Na anode, Na super-ionic conductor separators, and seawater catholytes have received wide attention because of their theoretical specific capacity of 1160 mAh g−1 and cost-effective Na anode in comparison to rare-earth Li. However, large overpotential during charge and discharge caused by parasitic reactions limits their practical applications. In this work, we employ the bifunctional Pt-Co alloy electrocatalysts produced by carbothermal shock (CTS) method to improve the oxygen evolution and reduction reaction activities of seawater batteries. The CTS induced Pt-Co alloy nanoparticles are well synthesized and dispersed on a carbon current collector within a few s, resulting in improved overpotential and cycle endurance of seawater batteries compared to pristine carbon cathode. In particular, the cell can operate for over 500 h in a seawater catholyte at a fixed capacity of 0.25 mA cm−2 without significant performance degradation. Furthermore, CTS can be readily applied to large-area prismatic seawater battery cells. We observe excellent cyclability in a large-scale seawater battery, suggesting that bifunctional Pt-Co alloy electrocatalysts produced by CTS are viable for use in seawater batteries.